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The South Pole sits on a vast area of land. The land’s name is Antarctica. There are a lot of mountains in Antarctica. Some of them are three kilometres high and more! There are many volcanoes under the ice of the South Pole.
The ice in Antarctica is very thick! In some places it is more than 2.5 km!
Antarctica is colder than the Arctic. In 1983 it was very, very cold in Antarctica, -89.3 °C!!!
Nobody lives in Antarctica. But scientists work there. They study Antarctic weather and nature. They study Antarctic animals, for example, penguins.
The North Pole is in the Arctic. There is no land under the ice. There is only water. There are no volcanoes here. The ice on the North Pole is not very thick. It is about 3-5 metres thick.
More than four million people live in the Arctic. They are the Chukchi, Evenki, Koryaks, Nenets and others.